varanasi vs banaras

By October 23, 2020Uncategorized


[99] Trade Facilitation Centre is a modern and integrated facility to support the handloom and handicraft sector in Varanasi; providing trade enhancement and facilitation to both domestic & international buyers. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. [49][50] The dry summer starts in April and lasts until June, followed by the monsoon season from July to October. [161] Varanasi has joined the global bandwagon of UNESCO "Cities of Music" under the Creative Cities Network. Because of its scenic location on the banks of the Ganges, it is frequently used as an outdoor shooting location for films. Other colleges and universities in Varanasi include Jamia-e-Imania, the Institute of Integrated Management and Technology, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Nav Sadhana Kala Kendra, Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Sri Agrasen Kanya P.G. It culminates a day before Kartik Purnima, also called the Ganges festival.

Cited as an "eccentric" museum, it contains a rare collection of American vintage cars, bejewelled sedan chairs, an impressive weaponry hall, and a rare astrological clock. One of Asia's largest residential universities is Banaras Hindu University (BHU). In reality, Kashi was the old name of the city which was renamed as Varanasi. The road infrastructure was also improved during this period.

[101] Bharat Heavy Electricals, a large power equipment manufacturer, also operates a heavy equipment maintenance plant. [122], The Manikarnika Ghat is the Mahasmasana, the primary site for Hindu cremation in the city. [148], Shri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan, at Sir Gobardhan is the ultimate place of pilgrimage or religious headquarters for followers of the Ravidassia religion. Studies of wastewater from Varanasi's sewage treatment plants identify that water's contamination with metals and the reuse of this water for irrigation as a way that the toxic metals come to be in the plants that people grow for food. [24] However, after Aurangazeb's death, most of India was ruled by a confederacy of pro-Hindu kings. All rights reserved. [143][144] The mosque is located at a prominent site above the Panchganga Ghat, which is a funerary ghat facing the Ganges. On this occasion the Ganges is attended by thousands of pilgrims, release lighted lamps to float in the river from the ghats.

[108] Domestic tourist most commonly visit for religious purposes while foreign tourist visit for ghats along River Ganges and Sarnath.

Hinduism is predominantly followed in Varanasi while Islam being the largest minority. [159], In recent times, Girija Devi, the native famous classical singer of thumris, was widely appreciated and respected for her musical renderings. [208], The Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Arts of BHU offers diploma courses in Sports Management, Sports Physiotherapy, Sports Psychology and Sports Journalism.

[231] Nearly, 120 buses are operated by Varanasi City Transport Service Limited.

[188] Web series such as Mirzapur and Asur were also shot in temple town.[189][190]. A bridle was also put into the mouth.

Among the estimated 23,000 temples in Varanasi are Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, and the Durga Temple. [179] Lower-cost private schools attracted children from lower-income families or those lower-income families with higher education aspirations. The old city is located on the north shores of the Ganges, bounded by Varuna and Assi.[13]. [147] The mosque has a security cordon of a police force. [209] Also, BHU caters sports complexes including badminton court, tennis court, swimming pool and amphitheater. Various engineering colleges have been established in the outskirts of the city. [216][217] Air India, Air India Express, Buddha Air, IndiGo, Malindo Air, SpiceJet, SriLankan Airlines, Thai AirAsia, Thai Smile and Vistara operate flights from Varanasi to Ahmedabad, Bangkok, Colombo, Delhi, Gaya, Kathmandu, Khajuraho, Sharjah, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Goa, Guwahati, Jaipur, Kolkata and several other cities. [42] It is celebrated during October–November, a day after the festival of Vijayadashami. The fort and its museum are the repository of the history of the kings of Benares. Several major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir who was born here in 1389,[30] and Ravidas, a 15th-century socio-religious reformer, mystic, poet, traveller, and spiritual figure, who was born and lived in the city and employed in the tannery industry.[31]. 13,133 crore. More than 360,000 passengers and 240 trains pass through each day. Above and adjacent to this ghat, there are also temples dedicated to Sulatankesvara, Brahmesvara, Varahesvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga (the Ganges), and Bandi Devi, which are all important pilgrimage sites. Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. [87] Some of the polluting sludge contains minerals which are fertiliser, which could make polluted water attractive to use. [79][80] There are many ayurvedic centres in Varanasi providing treatments such as Panchakarma as well as other treatments. [199], FM/AM Stations available in the city are:[200][201][202], Mobile apps such as "InVaranasi", "Varanasi" and "LiveVNS" provide a wide range of information related to travel and local news. [118] In addition, manuscripts, especially religious writings, are housed in the Saraswati Bhawan which is a part of a museum within the fort.

Sarnath is one of the 4 pilgrim centers of Buddhists in India.

However, the current ghat as a permanent riverside embankment was built in 1302 and has been renovated at least three times throughout its existence.[122]. Hindus believe that just a dip in the holy river Ganges (Ganga) in Varanasi is enough to purify them of all their sins and a guarantee to their liberation from the cycle of births and deaths. Presently the Dhrupad maestro Pandit Ritwik Sanyal from Varanasi is working for the revival of this art-music. [citation needed] The Cakkavatti Sīhanāda Sutta text of Buddhism puts forth an idea stating that Varanasi will one day become the fabled kingdom of Ketumati in the time of Maitreya. Varanasi experienced a Hindu cultural revival in the 16th century under the Mughal emperor Akbar, who invested in the city and funded to build two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu. There is always confusion about Varanasi and Kashi. The two well known mosques are the Gyanvapi Mosque and the Alamgir Mosque. Numerous eminent scholars and preachers visited the city from across India and South Asia.
When emperor Aurangzeb had captured Banaras, he had ordered total destruction of all Hindu temples there. [120] Varanasi has at least 84 ghats, most of which are used for bathing by pilgrims and spiritually significant Hindu puja ceremony, while a few are used exclusively as Hindu cremation sites. During a fight between Brahma and Shiva, one of Brahma's five heads was torn off by Shiva. [181] Also, a chunk of Bhojpuri movies are shot in the city. While less equipped than the observatories at Jaipur and Delhi, the Jantar Mantar has a unique equatorial sundial which is functional and allows measurements to be monitored and recorded by one person. [88], Varanasi's water supply and sewage system is maintained by Jal Nigam, a subsidiary of Varanasi Nagar Nigam.

[146][144] Two of its minarets had been damaged; one minaret crashed killing a few people and the other minaret was officially brought down because of stability concerns. Traditional etymology links "Varanasi" to the names of two Ganges tributaries forming the city's borders: Varuna, still flowing in northern Varanasi, and Assi, today a small stream in the southern part of the city, near Assi Ghat.

There will be 26 stations, including 20 underground and six elevated on the two lines, which includes total length of 29.235 km consisting of 23.467 km underground, while 5.768 km will be elevated.[266][267][268][269]. The city has several banks, including the Allahabad Bank, Andhra Bank, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, and State Bank of India. [74], Water supply and sewage system is operated by the Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam. Aurangzeb then built a mosque over the ruins of this temple in 1669[142] and named it as Alamagir Mosque in the name of his own honorific title "Alamgir" which he had adopted after becoming the emperor of Mughal empire. In the Rigveda, an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the city is referred to as Kāśī (काशी: Kashi) from the Sanskrit verbal root kaś- "to shine", making Varanasi known as "City of Light",[14] the "luminous city as an eminent seat of learning". The shrine of Lord Kashi Vishwanath (Shiva) is the holiest shrine in Varanasi. The smart traffic management system equips the city with automatic signal control system, separate signal system for pedestrians, traffic management center at state level, area traffic control system, corridor management and dynamic traffic indicators for smooth movement of traffic. [238] Varanasi Traffic Police keeps an eye through Smart Command and Control Centre. This was established by Annie Besant in July 1898 with the objective of imparting secular education. The ghats are an integral complement to the Hindu concept of divinity represented in physical, metaphysical, and supernatural elements. [1], According to Hindu mythology, Varanasi was founded by Shiva,[16] one of three principal deities along with Brahma and Vishnu. Some important express trains operating from the Varanasi Junction railway station and Manduadih railway station are: Shiv Ganga Express runs between New Delhi Junction and Manduadih station while Mahamana Express runs between Varanasi junction and New Delhi Junction; the Udhna Varanasi Express that runs between Udhna (Surat) junction and Varanasi, a distance of 1,398 kilometres (869 mi);[223] the Kashi Vishwanath Express that runs between Varanasi and New Delhi railway station;[224] the Kanpur Varanasi InterCity express, also called Varuna express, which runs over a distance of 355 kilometres (221 mi) and connects with Lucknow (the capital city of Uttar Pradesh) and Varanasi;[225] and the Sabarmati Express which runs between Varanasi and Ahmedabad. One of the major factors in Varanasi, is its access to all parts of the country. [15] The name was also used by pilgrims dating from Buddha's days. The current mayor of Varanasi is Mridula Jaiswal, and the municipal commissioner is Nitin Bansal. A non-religious festival observed by Muslims is Ghazi-miyan-ka-byaha ("the marriage of Ghazi Miyan").[168][169]. [102] Muslims are the influential community in this industry with nearly half a million of them working as weavers, dyers, sari finishers, and salespersons.
Winters in Varanasi see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. "[38] In 1910, the British made Varanasi a new Indian state, with Ramnagar as its capital, but with no jurisdiction over the city proper. Many ghats are associated with Hindu legends and several are now privately owned. [34] In 1791, under the rule of the British Governor-General Warren Hastings, Jonathan Duncan founded a Sanskrit College in Varanasi.

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