kyrgyzstan agriculture

By October 23, 2020Uncategorized

In the 1990s, an estimated 62 percent of the population was rural. However, livestock and wool production, 2 of the traditional In some places pigs were kept desp. For several reasons, including the state's failure to pay farmers on time for their crops, the agricultural sector's bank debts increased rapidly in the early 1990s.

This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Most of Kyrgyzstan’s terrain is too mountainous to grow crops, but higher-elevation pastures support livestock raising. The chief crops were fodder crops, wheat, barley, and cotton. A culture whose favorite meat is mutton, almost any large gathering will have boiled sheep, handicrafts are made from wool along with their yurts, they also have children’s game played with the knees from sheep chuko. Only 4 percent of Kyrgyzstan is classified as forested.

Cotton and silkworms for silk production also are grown.

Of the total population economically active in agriculture 29 percent are female.

More immediately, both water and fertilizers have been in short supply since the end of the Soviet Union. After the effects of the market transition from communism began In 2002 aquaculture contributed 66 percent of the country’s total output of 142 metric tons of fish, but in 2003 the aquaculture industry collapsed, producing only 12 of the country’s total of 26 metric tons. Significant animal derived products include sheep, goats, cattle, and wool. Land use: agricultural land: 55.4 percent: arable land 6.7 percent; permanent crops 0.4 percent; permanent pasture 48.3 percent; forest: 5.1 percent; other: 39.5 percent (2011 est.). Terdik-making is a complicated art integrating numerous functions that have been carefully developed over many centuries. farms were held in private hands with long term (99 years) use rights. Making a Kyrgyz style saddle involves fixing leather to a wooden frame with tiny nails arranged in the pattern of a sheep's horn.

[3] AOI-Kyrgyzstan admitted that employees of Dimon’s Kyrgyz subsidiary paid a total of approximately US$3 million in bribes from 1996 to 2004 to various officials in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, including officials of the Kyrgyz Tamekisi, a government entity that controlled and regulated the tobacco industry in Kyrgyzstan. [Source: Library of Congress, March 1996 *], In 1994 the agriculture sector was in the fourth and most difficult year of a major decline that included reduced output, isolation from commercial markets, decreased earnings, and a deteriorating natural resource base. In Kyrgyzstan the sheep is a way of life. The major source of employment is agriculture, with smallholder farmers the major producers. According to the CIA World Factbook, it comprises 18% of the total GDP and occupies 48% of the total labor force.

This policy More than 70 percent of the arable area depends on irrigation for its productivity.
A horse’s appearance is regarded as a measure of status, economic level and skill of a housewife. Poverty is widespread in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to regularly feeding them and providing them with drink, Kyrgyz adorn them with lavish care.

The remainder is mountains, glaciers, and high- altitude steppe that is used for grazing. *, Horses are like wings for people of the steppe. Craftsmen — including metal workers and jewelry makers — take great care and use all their knowledge and skill to create the best possible terdiks. [Source: World Alamanac 2013]. Children learn to ride around the same time they begin to walk. In addition to saddles, Kyrgyz people adorn their horses with various kinds of ornaments and clothes. The CIA Sheep play a huge role in Kyrgyz life and culture. Melons are often given as a gift and a gesture of welcome and farewell. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Subsistence farming has increased in the early 2000s. Land reform, a controversial issue in Kyrgyzstan, has proceeded very slowly since initial legislation in 1998.
agricultural economy. Without such support, planting and fertilization would be severely limited because farmers in many rural areas lack financial resources to buy seed and fertilizer. [Source: Library of Congress, January 2007 **], In 2005 some 6.5 percent of Kyrgyzstan’s land surface was classified as arable, and Grain production in the lower valleys and livestock grazing on upland pastures occupy the largest share of the agricultural workforce. •In 2011, Kyrgyzstan has entered the top 10 countries - producers of organic cotton in the world.

Farmers are shifting to grain and away from cotton and tobacco. Today, there are about 1.3 million cattle; 4.4 million chickens, 933,000 goats, 3.9 million sheep, 61,000 pigs and goats in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyz nomadic pastoralists have traditionally raised mostly sheep but also horses, goats, Bactrian camels and yaks. There was also significant incidence of child labor in the tobacco industry. government has continued to maintain a major presence in the The condition of agriculture in Kyrgyzstan is determined by the state's continuing control of production, marketing, and prices, as well as by the republic-wide specialization mandated by the former Soviet Union to promote interdependence among the republics. In 1994 the most important livestock products were cow's milk (750,000 tons), beef and veal (70,000 tons), mutton and lamb (50,000 tons), eggs (30,600 tons), wool (56,300 tons), pork products (30,000 tons), and poultry meat (25,000 tons). At that time, 34 pioneer farmers were engaged in it. machinery, and agricultural extension services, along with maintaining an open market and The second largest crop is winter wheat, followed by barley, corn, and rice. Homemade horse sausages— said to be made from “the best part of the horse”— sells for about $3.25 a kilo. Nevertheless, by early 1993 some 165 of the 470 existing state and collective farms had been reorganized or privatized into about 17,000 peasant enterprises, cooperatives, or peasant associations. transportation difficulties and weak consumer demand, led to the drop in They are prized as sources of koumiss. This has resulted in loses of productivity and many people losing their jobs. Between 2005 and 2013, the share of agriculture in the Kyrgyz economy dropped from 6.8% to 4.9% of GDP and the services sector expanded from 53.1% to 58.2% of GDP but the share of industry receded from 40.1% to 37.8% of GDP. transfer use rights to land from the Soviet-era large state farm If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Irrigated land: began to rise. In the early 1990s, income declined steadily in both state-run and privatized agricultural enterprises. Among Kyrgyzstan's agricultural products are tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits, and berries. Total However, the country has over 9 million hectares of pasture and a favourable environment for the development of animal husbandry. [Source: /theselflessnomad ; May 11, 2014 \=/], The chief agricultural use of land is pasturage for livestock, mainly sheep, goats, and cattle, the tending of which is the traditional vocation of the Kyrgyz people. Unlike the Kazakhs and Mongols, who primarily migrated with their animals long distance from summer pastures in the steppes to winter pastures in the semideserts, the Kyrgyz have traditionally migrated vertically between summer pastures in the mountains and winter grazing areas or settled farms in the valleys or lowlands.

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