georgia state religion

By October 23, 2020Uncategorized

The ethnic Georgian Muslims are Sunni Hanafi and are concentrated in Autonomous Republic of Adjara of Georgia bordering Turkey. In 1226, the citizens of Tbilisi refused to obey the shah of Khorezm, Jalal al-Din, and 100,000 men (from children to old men) were executed.

After Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire, the Russian Orthodox Church took over the Georgian church in 1811. [4] Jewish communities exist throughout the country, with major concentrations in the two largest cities, Tbilisi and Kutaisi. Religious Studies Student Forum ... Georgia State … The history of the Baháʼí Faith in Georgia begins with its arrival in the region in 1850 through its association with the precursor religion the Bábí Faith during the lifetime of Bahá'u'lláh. The Jews have a history in Georgia extending back over 2000 years. The Georgian Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice. It is not a state religion, but its special status is recognized by the Concordat of 2002. [20] The religion is noted as growing in Georgia.[15]. [5] Orthodox churches serving other non-Georgian ethnic groups, such as Russians and Greeks, are subordinate to the Georgian Orthodox Church. Membership in the Georgian Orthodox Church has increased markedly since independence in 1991. The Georgian church regained its autocephaly only when Russian rule ended in 1917. The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church is one of the world's most ancient Christian Churches, founded in the 1st century by the Apostle Andrew the First Called. According to legend, the Mother of God had to spread the doctrine of Christ in new lands. totals fewer than 100,000 persons. There also are a few Baháʼís, Hare Krishnas and Jehovah's Witnesses (local representatives state that the group has been in the country since 1953 and has about 15,000 adherents[citation needed]). However, in 326 CE, Christianity became the official state religion thanks to St. Nino Equal to the Apostles. Apart from the Georgian Orthodox Church, Christianity in Georgia is represented by followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church, and a Georgian Catholic Church which mostly follows either the Latin Rite or the Armenian rite. However, there were huge threats from external enemies, such as the Persians, Arabs, Turks, and Mongols. It became the state religion of Kartli (Iberia) in 337. She faced intense persecution, but still reached Mtskheta and chose the spot for the main cathedral there, which is part of why the church there has such special significance (the church also houses part of Jesus’ robe). Around 1% belong to the Russian Orthodox Church, while about 3.9% of the population follow the Armenian Apostolic Church (Oriental Orthodoxy), almost all of which are ethnic Armenians. [15] During the period of Soviet policy of religious oppression, the Baháʼís in the Soviet Republics lost contact with the Baháʼís elsewhere. Cyrion II was elected the first Catholicos-Patriarch of the newly independent church, and the post has been filled since 1977 by Ilia II, the archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi. [2] Adherents of Islam make up 10.7% of the population[3] and are mainly found in the Adjara and Kvemo Kartli regions and as a sizeable minority in Tbilisi. The ethnic Azerbaijani Muslims are predominantly Shia Ithna Ashariyah and are concentrated along the border with Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Non-Georgian Orthodox Churches generally use the language of their communicants. As outsiders tried to force Georgians to abandon their beliefs, many people were martyred.

This has provided a strong sense of national identity that has helped to preserve a national Georgian identity, despite repeated periods of foreign occupation and attempted assimilation. Under Soviet rule (1921-1990), the number of active churches and priests declined sharply and religious education became nearly nonexistent. During the first centuries after converting, Christians were subject to persecution. This history of repression encouraged the incorporation of religious identity into the strong nationalist movement and the quest of Georgians for religious expression outside the official, government-controlled church. The wide variety of peoples inhabiting Georgia has meant a correspondingly rich array of active religions. After the Georgians gained independence in 1917, the independent church was reestablished, though Georgia was officially atheist under Soviet rule. The Georgian Orthodox Church, originally part of the Church of Antioch, gained its autocephaly and developed its doctrinal specificity progressively between the 5th and 10th centuries. Georgia was the second country in the world (after Armenia) to adopt Christianity as the official state religion in 326 CE. The Bible was also translated into Georgian in the 5th century, as the Georgian alphabet was developed for that purpose. Several religions, including the Armenian Apostolic Church, the Catholic Church, Judaism, and Islam, traditionally have coexisted with Georgian Orthodoxy. In the 12th century, David the Builder built the great Helatian Monastery (near Kutaisi), and the academy there has since been recognized as one of the greatest theological and scientific schools in the orthodox world.

Approximately 8,000 Jews remain in the country, following two large waves of emigration, the first in the early 1970s and the second in the period of perestroika during the late 1980s. Different religious minorities have lived in Georgia for thousands of years and religious discrimination is virtually unknown in the country. Spilling, Michael. Nino was said to have been born in the Roman province of Cappadocia, and she was related to St. George, the patron saint of Georgia. Georgia has a long history of religious harmony within its borders despite the historical conflicts with the surrounding nations.

In 1703, Vakhtang VI became the ruler of the kingdom of Kartli and he embraced Islam. Religion in Georgia 52.0% of the people in Georgia are religious: - 21.0% are Baptist - 0.7% are Episcopalian - 6.5% are Catholic - 0.5% are Lutheran - 8.3% are Methodist - 3.1% are Pentecostal - 1.5% … Roughly 80% of Georgia’s population is Christian, with most belonging to the Georgian Orthodox Church. The Apostle took with him the Vernicle Image of the Mother of God and visited many cities and villages in Georgia preaching the Gospel. Islam is prevalent among Azerbaijani and north Caucasus ethnic communities in the eastern part of the country and also is found in the regions of Adjara and Abkhazia. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union (1991), Protestant denominations have become more prominent. 1997, Hedwig Lohm, "Dukhobors in Georgia: A Study of the Issue of Land Ownership and Inter-Ethnic Relations in, A history of the Georgian people, By William Edward David Allen, p. 153, Religion and education in Europe: developments, contexts and debates, By Robert Jackson, pg.67, "საქართველოს მოსახლეობის საყოველთაო აღწერის საბოლოო შედეგები", "GEORGIA iii. Other notable Georgian Muslims from that era include David XI of Kartli, Jesse of Kakheti[12] and Simon II of Kartli.

By the 4th century, Christianity was firmly established in Georgia. Thus, Georgia is considered to be chosen by the Mother of God, who is now considered the patroness of the country. {Part 1 of 3}", "From Islam to Feminism via Baha'i (sic) Faith", "The Baháʼí Faith: 1844-1963: Information Statistical and Comparative, Including the Achievements of the Ten Year International Baháʼí Teaching & Consolidation Plan 1953-1963", "Notes on Research on National Spiritual Assemblies",, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from December 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Charles, Robia: "Religiosity in Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan" in the, Baramidze, Ruslan: "Ethnic Georgian Muslims: A Comparison of Highland and Lowland Villages" in the, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 03:47. From the first centuries C.E., the cult of Mithras, pagan beliefs, and Zoroastrianism were commonly practiced in Georgia.[9]. After receiving a vision of the Virgin Mary telling her to preach the Christian gospel in Iberia, now part of Georgia, she left for the Caucasus. Especially following the collapse of the Soviet Union, almost all of the country's Jews have left, mainly to Israel. The country has a total area of approximately 25,900 square miles (69,700 km²), and a population (as of 2014[update]) of 3.7 million people. The majority of these groups have left the country since the mid-1980s.[6]. Some Abkhazians and Georgians from the southern and southwestern parts of the country (like Adjara) are Sunni Muslims, as are Azerbaijanis. The conversion of Kartli to Christianity is credited to St. Nino of Cappadocia. Islam's history continued in Georgia throughout the late 14th and early 15th centuries with Timur's invasions of Georgia and during the 16th and early 19th centuries, the Iranians (Safavids, Afsharids, Qajars) and Ottomans commanded influence in the region until its annexation by Russia in 1801. The Bible was also translated into Georgian in the 5th century, as the Georgia…

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